Start and development of the Commercial Port

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Between 1929 and 1939 in Marghera new works were carried out to support the Port development , as the equipping and the installation of auxiliary plants of the North pier, of the Friuli and Cadore quays and the construction of new road and railway nets.

In 1956 the Malamocco-Marghera channel was opened, and this represented the second access to the port, in addition to the Vittorio Emanuele III canal.

Between 1965 and 1968 the new "Piemonte" grain Silos were built in the head of the B Pier, replacing those in the “Levante” pier in Venice, unfit to cope with the strong expansion of cereal traffics.

The port was going through a golden period and the expansion demand was pressing. To meet the strong requests of new equipped areas , two large yards, two new warehouses and part of the Emilia quay were built in the area behind Friuli and Cadore quays.

In the 70’s , south-west of the B Pier , it started the construction of the new container terminal which could offer two operating berths, one of which dedicated to the railway on-going traffic. In the same period the Government approved and financed the works to finish the last stretch of the Malamocco-Marghera approach canal and the relevant dredgings. Till the end of 70’s, the industrial and oil traffic represented over 80% of the Venice port's total throughput.v

In the two last decades (from the 90’s ) this tendency reversed . The industrial traffic declined, while the commercial traffic connected to a wide hinterland almost trebled.

From 1994, following the new Port legislation (law 84/1994), a privatization process brought to the establishment of a Port Authority - replacing the former Port Superintendency who also managed the port operations - having the role of controlling and coordinating private companies who step by step had replaced the public authority in the direct management of the port areas.

[free transl.by: Porto Marghera, il 900 industriale a Venezia. Resini – Barizza 2004]